The legal aid service is not authorized to provide legal advice to individuals. Attorneys general represent their states in litigation, supervise prosecutors, and advise members of their state`s executive branches on legal matters. Attorneys General may be appointed or elected. As a Crown bailiff, the Attorney General, who continues to practise Crown counsel as the sole client, is recognized by the Law Society Association as the leader in the legal profession. It exercises control over the Public Prosecutor`s Office, which frequently advises and prosecutes. Certain offences may be prosecuted only with the consent of the Prosecutor General or the Director of Public Prosecutions. The Prosecutor General also has the right to stay proceedings in criminal proceedings before higher courts. „[The president] should ensure that laws are enforced expeditiously.“ Article II, § 3. Immediately under the president serves the United States Cabinet, which is composed of the highest officials in the executive branch. In addition to their official duties as heads of various departments of executive power, cabinet members advise the president on various issues. The members of the cabinet are as follows: The Constitution lists only three qualifications for the presidency: the president must be at least 35 years old, be a born citizen, and have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.
And although millions of Americans vote in a presidential election every four years, the president is not actually directly elected by the people. Instead, the people elect the members of the electoral college on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November every four years. Divided by population among the 50 states – one for each member of their congressional delegation (the District of Columbia receiving 3 votes) – these electors then vote for the president. There are currently 538 voters in the Electoral College. Today, the British Attorney General and his deputy, the Attorney General, represent the Crown in court and are legal advisers to the Sovereign and the Sovereign`s Minister. The Attorney General is a member of the government, but not of cabinet. He advises on the drafting of all government laws, advises ministries on legal matters and has a wide range of judicial duties. Attorney General: This person is the president`s principal legal adviser on matters affecting the country. It ensures that laws are enforced and justice is done to the people.
This person may appoint special investigation teams. He heads the Ministry of Justice. (It`s not the same as being a Supreme Court justice.) The White House Advisor is a senior representative of the staff of the President of the United States, whose task is to advise the President on all legal matters concerning the President and his administration. The White House adviser also oversees the Office of the White House Counsel, a team of lawyers and support staff that provides legal advice to the president and the White House office. Unlike the veto, the signing of declarations is not part of the legislative process provided for in the Constitution and has no legal effect. A signed law is always law, no matter what the president says in an accompanying signing statement. In 1972, after President Nixon issued a signed declaration declaring that any provision of a bill before him „did not represent the policy of this administration“ and was „without force or binding effect,“ a federal district court ruled that no executive statement, not even by a president, „denies the effectiveness of legislation could have any validity or effect.“ DaCosta v Nixon External, 55 F.R.D. 145, 146 (E.D.N.Y. 1972). All implementing regulations and substantive proclamations to be issued by the President are reviewed as to form and legality by the Office of the Legal Counsel, as well as various other matters requiring the formal approval of the President. On behalf of the Attorney-General, the Deputy Attorney-General in charge of the Legal Aid Service advises the President and all executive authorities.
The Office prepares the legal opinions of the Attorney General and issues its own written and other advice in response to requests from the President`s Adviser, the various executive agencies and other parts of the Ministry of Justice. These requests generally involve particularly complex and important legal issues, or on which two or more organizations disagree. The Office is also responsible for reviewing and advising on the constitutionality of pending legislation. The U.S. Attorney General`s Office was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789, which divided the country into districts and established it in each individual court, with the attorneys responsible for civil and criminal prosecutions in their districts. The Attorney General, a member of the Cabinet, is appointed by the President and heads the Ministry of Justice. As the chief of attorney general, the attorney general has full control over the legal affairs of the government, all other judicial officials are subordinate to him, although other departments have lawyers on their staff who are not under his specific direction. As head of the Department of Justice, the Attorney General must necessarily devote much of his time to administration. He also acts as legal advisor to the president and heads of other cabinet departments with respect to government affairs. Traditionally, the president and first family live in the White House in Washington, D.C., where the president`s Oval Office and the offices of his senior staff are located.
If the president travels by plane, his plane is called Air Force One; The president may also use a Marine Corps helicopter, known as Marine One, while the president is on board. For ground travel, the president uses an armored presidential limousine. The Library of Congressional Law has compiled the following selective bibliography of resources related to signing presidential statements. The bibliography includes congressional hearings, court cases in which signing statements were discussed, articles in legal journals, selective press releases, news articles, and other secondary documents. While the White House counsel provides legal advice to the President and Vice President, the lawyer does so in his official capacity as President and Vice President and does not serve as the President`s personal counsel. As a result, controversy arose over the scope of solicitor-client privilege between counsel and the president and vice-chair, namely with Watergate`s John Dean. However, it is clear that privilege does not apply to purely personal matters. Nor does it apply to U.S. legislative procedures. Congress against the president for allegations of misconduct during the term, such as formal censure or impeachment. In such situations, the President relies on a personal lawyer when seeking confidential legal advice.
The office also differs from the judiciary and others that are not appointed to positions but are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. This would be primarily the United States Attorney General and his Senior Deputy and other assistants appointed by the President to oversee the United States Department of Justice, or the United States Attorney General and his staff (he is the fourth senior official of the Department of Justice). hear cases before the U.S. Supreme Court (and lower federal courts) on behalf of the Department of Justice if it is a party to the case. „[The Speaker] has the power to enter into treaties through and with the Council and with the consent of the Senate, provided that two-thirds of the senators currently agree.“ Article II, § 2. In addition, the Secretary of State retains the internal functions that Congress assigned to the State Department in 1789. These include safeguarding the Great Seal of the United States, preparing certain presidential proclamations, issuing international treaties and acts, as well as the official register of U.S. foreign relations and safeguarding certain original treaties and international agreements. The Secretary also serves as a channel of communication between the federal government and the states regarding the extradition of refugees to or from abroad.
„[The President] shall appoint and appoint, by the advice and assent of the Senate, such ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officials of the United States, whose appointments are not otherwise provided herein and who shall be determined by law: but Congress may, by law, delegate the appointment of such subordinate officials, as they see fit, alone with the President, with the courts or with heads of department. Article II, § 2. The Office of the Legal Counsel to the President and Vice-President was established in 1943 and provides advice on all legal aspects of the policy. legal issues related to the president`s decision to sign or veto legislation, ethical issues, financial disclosures; and conflicts of interest during and after employment. The prosecutor`s office also helps define the line between official and political activities, oversees executive appointments and judicial selection, manages presidential pardons, reviews laws and presidential statements, manages prosecutions of the president in his role as president, and serves as the White House point of contact for the Justice Department.